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In-Class PIE Example

An example PIE paragraph generated together in class.  Notice how the E section uses words from Lareau’s quote to help explain the passage.

          Like most families, the working class and poor want better opportunities for the next generation.  Because they have limited economic resources, they strive for the best they can under challenging circumstances.  Due to their limitations, they endure long hours of work to make ends meet, leaving less time for family leisure activities.  Working class and poor parents enforce harsh discipline ensuring that their children learn to behave on their own without adult supervision or presence.  According to Lareau:   

The limited economic resources available to the working class and poor families make getting children fed, clothed, sheltered, and transported time-consuming, arduous labor.  Parents tend to direct their efforts toward keeping children safe, enforcing discipline, and when they deem it necessary, regulating their behavior in specific areas.  Within these boundaries, working class and poor children are allowed to grow and to thrive.  They are given the flexibility to choose activities and playmates and to decide how active or inactive to be as they engage in these activities. (66-67)

In working class families, finances come to the fore. For Lareau, “limited economic resources” contribute to a sense of constraint and the manner in which parents “regulate” their children’s behavior.  Regulating behavior implies constant monitoring and discipline, but as Lareau points out in her study, working class parents often leave their children to schedule their own leisure activities.  Working class and poor parents prioritize providing and satisfying life’s basic necessities for their children.  These parents have to deal with “arduous labor” both at work as well as at home, having minimal time for themselves for resting or relaxing.  As a result, working class parents, unlike middle class parents, have less time to be involved with their children’s activities.

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