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Definitions to Include in Your Revisions to Essay 1

Terms to be Added to “Essay 2”

Pg. 2: Concerted Cultivation

• parents making certain that children have certain experiences, in institutional settings to help them develop their skills, to benefit themselves in the future..

• developing / laboring / and using advantages (finances, cultural capital)

sense of entitlement cultivated by parents

to become successful, to be “better” than the competition      MIDDLE CLASS

• highly organized leisure activities

• produces more institutional advantages

• talk to adults like equals

Pg. 3: Natural Growth                                    WORKING CLASS / POOR

•form of child rearing where sense of constraint is adopted by children

• more time to choose their own activities

• grow up independently, beyond adult supervision

• parents set firm boundaries for children to grow up independently

• produces less institutional advantages

Pg. 4: Dominant set of cultural repertoires

• Widespread agreement discussed and agreed upon by parents and professionals and experts on how to raise their children.

• generally accepted guidelines on how parents should raise their kids based on expert opinions.

Pg. 5: transmission of differential advantages

• different forms of rearing reproduce different advantages that can be useful in different situations

• developing skills while interacting with authority figures

Pg. 6: sense of entitlement

• individual preferences and managed interactions in institutional settings

children of concerted cultivation: parents monitor daily interactions and activities of children: producing prepared children for institutions (middle-class hallmark)

• qualified to receive special treatment

Sense of constraint

• children accept authority (working class and poor), children hold back on what they can achieve and do, society makes them hold back, confined, can’t freely do what s/he wants, limited liberties, bound by necessity as opposed to luxury, accepting the given limitations

Pg. 7: cultural capital

• skills an individuals acquires that add value that can be brought to use in various institutions / language: interaction as in job interview

            “profits”                        “activation” use skills at right place in right time 

              gain from labor                      

Pg. 8: inequality / social stratification

•  How society makes borders between classes to separate them

                        gets layered into various groups of social class

                        groups with unequal resources

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